Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgi similarities and differences

The Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgi are quite unique in the sense that they are the only small canine varieties which can successfully herd cattle without being kicked by cows’ hoofs. At first glance these breed may appear to be identical but it’s sufficient to study their standards a bit in order to recognize their obvious differences.


The Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgi were bred for a similar purpose but in the separate parts of central Europe. The origin of the Cardigan dates back as early as the XI A.C. and it was developed from various dachshunds, herding dogs and heelers in Cardiganshire. On the other hand the Pembroke was invented by Pembrokeshire’s breeders and its ancestors were spitz-like northern dogs.

Weight and size

While both types of Corgi are notable for a well-developed and sturdy constitution, the Cardigan is markedly larger than its congener. Moreover the Cardigan has broader chest, much heavier and powerful body than the Pembroke. 

The standard of the Cardigan describes the acceptable height of its specimens to be between 26,7 and 31,8 centimeters, its weight should vary from 13,6 to 17,24 kilograms for males and from 11,34 to 15,42 kilograms for females. According to the Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of America, the height of high-quality breed members ranges from 25,4 to 30,5 centimeters, the weight shouldn’t exceed 13,6 kilograms for males and 12,7 for females. 

It’s worth noting that in recent years larger dogs have come into fashion, so the distinction in size between these two breeds is increasingly blurring.

Silhouette and tail

It’s also possible to see the difference between the Cardigan and the Pembroke in the overall shape of their bodies.

The Cardigan is endowed with a fairly elegant back of its trunk with a well-pronounced waistline and low-set tail. The length of its brawny neck should be in harmony with the rest proportions of its body which should comply with such characteristics as «muscular, squat and substantial». 

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