Corgi Dog Breed

Corgi is an intelligent and active dog breed. It is a devoted and amusing companion. Originally bred to herd cattle, horses and sheep, this intelligent dog breed is easy to train. If you have children and other pets at home, this dog breed can be the best option for you. Corgis come in two varieties: the Cardigan and the Pembroke. Both have similar bodies, heads, levels of intelligence and herding ability, but Cardigans are slightly larger and heavier boned than the Pembroke. The easiest way to distinguish between a Cardigan and a Pembroke is to look at the tails. Pembroke has docked and Cardigan has long tail. If you also want to be a proud owner of this dog breed, this article is a must read for you as it provides the complete information of this breed.

General Information:

    Pembroke Corgi Cardigan Corgi
Nicknames   Pembroke, Pem, PWC Cardigan, Cardi, CWC  
Origin   United Kingdom United Kingdom  
Coat   Long Coat, Medium Coat, Short Coat, Thick, Water-Repellent Medium Coat  
Color   Black, Black and Tan, Blue, Red, White Black, Black and Tan, Blue, Brown, Red  
Height   10-12 inches   10.5- 12.5 inches  
Weight   25-40 pounds   25-38 pounds  
Life Expectancy   12-15 years   12-15 years  
Breed Type   Purebred   Purebred  
Breed Group   Herding   Herding  
Shedding   Constant   Moderate, Constant, Seasonal  
Temperament   Loyal, Social   Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Friendly, Intelligent, Loving, Loyal, Protective, Social  
Litter Size   6-7 puppies   5-7 puppies  


The Cardigan Corgi is older than the Pembroke Corgi. Both the Corgi varieties may be a descendant of the Keeshond, Schipperkes, Pomeranian, and the Swedish Vallhund. Some dog breed experts say that the older Cardigan was from Cardiganshire brought by the Celts in 1200 BC, and the Pembroke’s ancestors were introduced by Flemish weavers to the Celts in the 1100s.

The Pembroke and the Cardigan Corgis were interbred and considered the same breed until 1934, when a show judge thought they were different and separated them into two different breeds. After they were separated the Pembroke gained in popularity and till date they are more popular than the Cardigan. The name “Corgi” is specific to the type of dog breed in Cymreig (Welsh). “Dog” in Cymreig is ‘Ci’ or if it is softly mutated ‘Gi,’ hence Corgi. In ancient times, Corgis were used as cattle drivers, farm guards and vermin hunters. They used to drive cattle by barking and nipping at the cattle’s heels rather than herding them. The Pembroke was actually recognized by the AKC in 1934 and the Cardigan in 1935.

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